Procedure How to become a firefighter

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Contact details

Corps des Sapeurs-pompiers de Monaco

11, avenue du Port

Fire & Emergency Service :
(+377) 93 15 66 99
Emergencies : 18 or 112

Fax : (+ 377) 93 15 60 08

Send us an email


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Corps des Sapeurs-pompiers de Monaco

11, avenue du Port

Phone : Urgences : 18 ou 112

Phone : (+377) 93 15 66 99

Fax : (+ 377) 93 15 60 08

site web :

Send us an email



Principle and conditions

Life as a firefighter 

The Monaco Fire and Emergency Service is a military unit.

Firefighters are housed in barracks. They carry out an annual service as follows:

  • 24 hour shifts - 150
  • 8 hour administrative shifts - 14

This equals a monthly average of:

  • 24-hour shifts - 15
  • One administrative shift of 8 hours and a half-day administrative shift of 4 hours
  • A maximum of 72 hours of straight shifts

Firefighters have 60 days of annual holiday.

Recruitment of the Firefighters

Firefighters at the rank of Private - They are recruited from among those who apply for the position.

Non-Commissioned Officers (NCOs) - They are recruited:

  • Either from among the Master Corporals and Corporals of the Service by means of an exam
  • Or through non-exam based selection among NCOs of military fire service units: the Paris Fire Brigade (BSPP) or the Marseille Naval Fire Battalion (BMPM)

Officers - They are recruited:

  • Either by the application of international conventions within military fire service units (BSPP or BMPM)
  • Or by selection from among the superior NCOs of the Corps who have the rank or profile determined by the military authority

Conditions of Eligibility

Selection takes place according to an evaluation of the candidate.

To be eligible as a candidate for employment as a firefighter in Monaco, you must meet the following requirements:

  • Be single (with no children)
  • Be aged between 19 and 27 years old
  • Hold at least a middle-school diploma (BEPC) or equivalent
  • Have served in the French armed forces or have completed military preparation (the Defence and Citizenship Day is not regarded as military preparation
  • Be in possession of a document from your current employer, stating that you will be unreservedly available on the scheduled call-up day
  • Be of a strong constitution, so as to be fit for service (before joining the Service, candidates are required to undergo a medical examination and physical aptitude tests)
  • Hold a driving licence for cars and heavy vehicles
  • Hold a valid passport

You must also meet the following physical requirements:

  • Be over 1.6 m and under 1.9 m tall
  • However, for candidates of a strong constitution but whose growth is still incomplete, tolerance of 2 to 3 cm below the minimum height requirement is allowed
  • Be able to swim
  • Be medically fit
  • Have good eyesight with no correction (no glasses, contact lenses or surgical correction)
  • Meet the SIGYCOP criteria as listed below (to be confirmed by a military doctor):
    • S: upper extremities 1
    • I: lower extremities   1
    • G: general health      2
    • Y: eyes and vision    2
    • C: colour vision        2
    • O: ears and hearing  1
    • P: mental health       1

Individuals who are selected on the basis of their initial application will be summoned to carry out physical tests (endurance, swimming, balance, high jump, etc.) as well as a general knowledge test.


Sending a letter of motivation and CV

Send a handwritten letter of motivation and your CV to the Chief Officer of the Monaco Fire and Emergency Service (contact details given above).


Receiving the answer

As soon as your application is received it is evaluated by the Fire and Emergency Service Command.

You will be given a response stating the decision and informing you of full details of the competition.


How to prepare the application file

Your application should include:

  • A recent full-length photograph (10 x 15 format) on a neutral background, taken by a professional photographer 
  • Two birth certificates
  • A copy of the ID card or passport
  • A photocopy of all your diplomas, certificates and licences
  • A certificate of good conduct, a military service certificate or proof of military training
  • A photocopy of your vaccination record
  • A photocopy of your family record booklet 
  • A copy of your criminal record (bulletin no 3) not more than three months old
  • A copy of your military service record, issued by the recruitment office of your previous military unit, or your CV
  • A doctor’s certificate issued by a military doctor stating that you meet the SIGYCOP criteria (forms 620-4/9 and 620-4/10, medically confidential)
  • A copy of the results of your exertion test on an exercise bike
  • A document from your current unit, stating that you will be unreservedly available on the scheduled call-up day


Any missing documents will automatically invalidate the application file.


Sending off the documents

Applications or requests for information should be sent to the Chief Officer of the Monaco Fire and Emergency Service (contact information given above)


Taking the selection tests and evaluation interview

Candidates for recruitment will be summoned by the Chief of the Service to undergo theoretical and physical selection tests, as well as medical tests (ENT, chest X-ray, psychological tests followed by an interview, screening for drug addiction and excessive alcohol consumption, etc.)

By shortlisting a candidate on the basis of the initial application, the Fire and Emergency Service Command is in no way obliged to accept the candidate into the service at any specific time.

For those candidates who are shortlisted, there may be a delay of some months between sending the initial application and being called for the selection tests.

There are 5 theoretical tests (middle school diploma level)

  • Mathematics (algebra and mathematical problems)
  • Dictation and related questions (the questions are based on an analysis of the dictated text, grammatical analysis, verb tenses and the definition of words)
  • Writing (expressing and expanding on your opinions on a specific issue or event)
  • General knowledge (answering a multiple choice questionnaire on the following topics: history, geography, inventions, sciences and technology, French institutions and sport).


The physical tests are:

  • Swimming test:
    • Test No. 1: test of “nerve”. Complete a 5m dive into the swimming pool. Applicants who do not successfully complete this test will be disqualified
    • Test No. 2: swimming underwater. Swim 25m underwater, while holding your breath
    • Test No. 3: 100m timed free swim
  • Resistance test: timed 2,000m race
  • Physical training test: 
    • Upper limbs: push-ups, dips, pull-ups, Rope climb (climb 5m using only your arms)
    • Lower limbs: squats
    • Abdominals: front plank, side plank, reverse plank
  • Balance test: walk forwards and backwards along a 0.35 cm beam 4.5 m above the ground. Applicants who do not successfully complete this test will be disqualified


For further details of the tests, download the document:  Download file Recrutement épreuves sportives Recrutement épreuves sportives

Physical preparation is essential in order to be in peak condition for the recruitment tests.

To pass the entry test you must score an average of 12/20 or more on the theoretical and physical tests.

Candidates who do not make the required score will be informed that their application has not been successful.


Undergoing the medical examination

You will be called to a medical examination during which you will undergo various obligatory medical tests to determine your medical fitness.


Joining the Fire and Emergency Service

Successful candidates will complete a five month training period during which they are prepared for their new duties as a firefighter.

At the end of the training period the young firefighters begin a one year probationary period. During this probationary period firefighters may not get married.

Following the completion of this probationary period firefighters are enlisted at the rank of private (2ème classe) for a renewable period of five years.

Re-enlistment occurs successively every five years until the age of 50.

Firefighters can advance in the hierarchy of the service through exam, as far as the rank of Staff Sergeant and at the discretion of the Fire and Emergency Service Command for the ranks of Warrant Officer Class II, Chief Warrant Officer, Major and Officer.

See also

Government & Institutions
Policy & Practice
Last update: 05/02/2013

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