Contact details

Corps des Sapeurs-pompiers de Monaco

11, avenue du Port
MC 98000 MONACO

Fire & Emergency Service :
(+377) 93 15 66 99
Emergencies : 18 or 112

Fax : (+ 377) 93 15 60 08

Send us an email

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Corps des Sapeurs-pompiers de Monaco

11, avenue du Port
MC 98000 MONACO

Phone : Urgences : 18 ou 112

Phone : (+377) 93 15 66 99

Fax : (+ 377) 93 15 60 08

site web : www.pompiers.gouv.mc

Send us an email
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What to do in the case of a superficial burn

In the event of a superficial burn, you should:

  • Eliminate the cause of burning or remove the victim from the cause of burning
  • Cool the area as quickly as possible under running water (10 to 25°C) for five minutes. Do not apply pressure
  • Remove clothing unless it is sticking to the skin
  • Protect the burn with a sterile dressing
  • Do not burst any blisters
  • Ask the victim if they have been vaccinated against tetanus
  • Always seek medical advice in the case of children and babies, by contacting the Princess Grace Hospital Emergency Department on 97.98.97.69 

 

What to do in the case of a serious burn

In the case of a serious burn, you must:

  • Eliminate the cause or remove the victim from the cause
  • Cool the area as quickly as possible under running water (10 to 25°C) for five minutes. Do not apply pressure
  • Remove clothing unless it is sticking to the skin
  • Lie the victim down
  • Alert the fire and emergency service by telephoning 18 or 112
  • Monitor the victim

 

What to do in the case of a chemical burn

If the chemical has got onto skin or clothes, you should:

  • Remove the affected clothing, taking care to protect yourself
  • Douse the affected area with water (10 to 25°C) as soon as possible, for as long as necessary
  • Alert the fire and emergency service by telephoning 18 or 112

If the chemical has got into the eye, you should:

  • Rinse the eye thoroughly with water
  • Ensure that the rinsing water does not run into the other eye
  • Alert the fire and emergency service by telephoning 18 or 112
  • Monitor the victim

If an internal burn has been caused through ingestion of a chemical:

  • Do not make the victim vomit
  • Do not give them anything to drink
  • Keep the packaging from the chemical product
  • Alert the fire and emergency service by telephoning 18 or 112
  • Monitor the victim

 

What to do in the case of an electrical burn

In the case of an electrical burn, you must:

  • Treat as a serious burn
  • Lie the victim down and reassure them
  • Alert the fire service by telephoning 18 or 112
  • Monitor the victim

 

Causes of burns

Hot water:

  • Tap or bath water which is too hot due to incorrect regulation of the hot water temperature
  • A child turning on the hot water tap while in the bath, or falling in a tub of hot water left on the floor
  • A child washing their hands

Hot liquids:

  • Full saucepans toppling off the hob
  • Boiling soup, milk, coffee, tea, hot chocolate
  • Boiling oil
  • Baby bottles reheated in the microwave
  • Opening a pressure cooker (or operating the valve) while still pressurised

Hot objects :

  • Crêpe pan, hot plate or fondue maker
  • Cooker, oven and hob

Inflammable products:

  • Aerosols, combustible materials

Chemical products:

  • Household cleaners
  • Descaling agents
  • Disinfectants

 Electricity

 

Precautions to prevent household burns

To prevent household burns you must:

  • Install thermostatic mixing valves for taps, shower and bath (temperature between 38 and 45°C)
  • Check the temperature of milk when taking baby bottles out of a bottle warmer or microwave (the ideal temperature for a bottle or a jar of baby food is 37°C)
  • Put pressure cookers out of reach when open (or while the pressure is being released) or pressurised (on the plates at the back of the hob)
  • Install a solid metal or stout plastic hob safety guard: this prevents children from reaching the flame or the hob, and prevents saucepans or frying pans from toppling over
  • Install a cooker guard
  • Install a safety guard on your oven to prevent children from accidentally touching hot oven doors
  • Keep inflammable products out of the reach of children; put them in a high place or in a cupboard with a door safety catch
  • Install a fire guard to prevent children from getting too close to fires. This also prevents flying embers from starting a fire
  • Keep chemical products out of the reach of children; put them in a high place or in a cupboard fitted with a door safety catch
  • Keep products in their original packaging; close packaging properly to prevent any emission of toxic compounds.

 

References

 Département de l'économie et de la santé Suisse
 Dr Pascal Cassan - Doctissimo

See also

Government & Institutions
Policy & Practice
Last update: 21/12/2012

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